Finger millet has an excellent food value as its seeds contain protein ranging from 7 to 14% and are particularly rich in methionine amino acid, iron, and calcium. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. and central Africa. West African terms for finger-millet 5 Table 7. The seeds can be stored for a long time. Many of the minor millets are endangered, as they are getting depleted, and some of them have even totally been eliminated.” Each millet has an importance of its own. Basic Species Information Finger millet is the common English name of the crop Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn., a domesticated cereal of African origin which spreads in prehistory to Asia, also sometimes referred to as korakan or ragi (a widespread local name in India) or dagusa (in Ethiopia). Cultivated finger millet was domesticated about 5 000 years ago from the wild subspecies in the highlands that range from Ethiopia to Uganda. Indian and East Asian names for finger-millet 7 Table 8. Application of System of Rice Intensification concepts and methods to the growing of finger millet, known in much of India as ragi, was one of the first extensions of SRI thinking, starting in India, but then also undertaken in Ethiopia.Finger millet is a major cereal crop for the poor in both South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Finger millet (2n = 4x = 36), subsp. It is ground to flour which can be used to prepare bread or porridge. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana(L.) Gaertn. Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 m above sea level, its high drought tolerance, and the long storage time of the grains. It was claimed to have been found in an Indian archaeological site dated to 1800 BCE (Late Bronze Age); however, this was subsequently demonstrated to be incorrectly identified. This adaptation to short cultivation times is probably what made this the staple grain of nomadic communities across the Central Asia, spreading far as these tribes moved from place to place. • The finger millet strategy was initiated in December, 2009 and discussions took place with international, regional and national partners through email discussions … Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is an important food grain in southern Asia and parts of Africa. africana but questioned Eleusine indica as … It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. ],a widely grown traditional and highly nutritious grain cereal cultivated in the semiarid areas of Eastern and Southern Africa and - Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. Required fields are marked *. Millets are extremely hardy crops with some, like Proso millet, needing just 70 days to be ready for harvest. The Millet Foundation is a public charitable trust registered in Bengaluru, India. Compare the English term miliary fever. According to the US National Research The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. One finds many millet preparations in traditional cuisines surviving to this day in different parts of India, China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Turkey, Russia, Ethiopia, etc. Scientific   Eleusine coracanaEnglish   African millet   Finger millet   Koracan   RagiDutch   VingergierstFrench   Coracan   Éleusine   Eleusine cultivee   KoracanGerman   Fingerhirse, Genus   EleusineFamily   PoaceaeOrder   Poales. Over this range of distribution, eleusine displays high variability in vegetative, floral and seed morphology. While pearl millet, sorghum, finger millet and foxtail millets come in the category of being the major millets, others such as sama, qodo, chinna etc., are considered minor millets. Uses. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important c Several small grain cereals are all known by the name “Millet” but are actually different crop species. Taiwanese names for finger-millet 8 MAPS Map 1. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa, with 97% of millet production in developing countries. The species has two subspecies, africana (Kenn.-O’Byrne) K.W. It is grown for hay in North America and western Europe, and it is an important food crop in China and other Asian countries. Eleusine coracana ssp. Experts often refer to finger millet as a famine crop due to … Finger millet grains — Specification. Finger millet is a traditional crop of many ethnic groups in Kenya, but "nowadays grown to a relatively smaller extent than before." Until the large scale investments in paddy and wheat promotion through the green revolution, millets were the staple grains of large sections of the population that did not have access to assured irrigation for their lands. belongs to family Poaceae. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Native to Africa, finger millet is a grain that grows well in arid climates and high altitudes. The crop is grown mainly by subsistence farmers and serves as a food security crop because of high nutritional value and … This East African Standard specifies the requirements and methods of sampling and test for finger millet grains of varieties (cultivars) grown from Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner intended for human consumption, i.e., ready for its intended use as human food, presented in packaged form or sold loose from the package directly to the consumer. Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) It is used for malting and brewing. Immature millet grains - why remove when processing? Finger-millet in India 6 Map 3. In some regions finger millet is used for human consumption as a staple food. The plants produces clusters of 4 to 6 ears, which are 5 to 15 cm long. Table 5. Distribution of finger-millet in ISEA 8 Map 4. These samples were from two … Finger millet is a robust, tufted, tillering annual grass and the inflorescence is a panicle with 4-19 finger-like spikes that resembles a fist when mature, hence it is named as finger millet. The crop is cultivated in diverse eco‐geographical areas. Finger Millet is the main food grain for many peoples as it is higher in protein, fat and minerals than rice, corn or sorghum. It is a tetraploid species with 2n=36, and self-pollinating. Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. It is an organization supporting players in the millet value chain seeking technical resources and promotional materials. Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. corocana) were obtained from the millet quality trials in Cinzana , Mali, in 1983. coracana, belongs to the family Poaceae, genus Eleusine in the tribe Eragrostideae. Seeds are also used as animal feed. When compared to other cereal grains, millets do not ask much from the soil, are rain fed, and are not susceptible to pests either in the field or during storage. • Cultivated in 23 countries on 3.38 million ha producing 3.76 m t mainly in Africa and Asia. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone suffering from a skin disease, with blisters resembling grains of millet. Finger millet is often used for human consumption, sometimes as a staple food. About finger millet • Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] coracana (finger millet, eleusine) is widely distributed in Africa and India as a cereal. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] In India, some millet or the other continues to be a significant (but fast eroding) part of adivasi / tribal communities’ diets in different parts of the subcontinent. Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. A recent cytogenetic study confirmed the direct origin of this millet from the tetraploid E. coracana subsp. • A very important crop in Uganda, Nepal, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea and India. A brief history of millets Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. Of these six are diploids and five are tetraploids. Ethiopian terms for finger-millet 5 Table 6. Finger millet is an important staple food in parts of East and Central Africa, and India, particularly in Karnataka. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) has small pointed seeds. 1eusine corocana . 1 Scope. Although finger millet is one of the most ancient domesticated plants in Africa (Hilu, DeWet, and Harlan, 1979), its lack of genetic variability suggests an origin that is … It is a hardy crop that can be grown in very diverse environments from almost at sea level to about 2400 m.a.s.l. ssp. Finger millet roots in the Bantu-speaking area 4 Map 2. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. The plant is native to Africa, Asia, Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands. Finger millet [Eleucine coracana(L.) Gaertn.] Finger millet is the fourth millet in terms of worldwide production after sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) (Upadhyaya et al., 2007). 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