(McGuiggan p. 445), "Paul sends greetings from various friends who are with him at the time of writing." The Bible represents him as the introducer of evil into the universe, the leader of all the hosts of wickedness, in hell and on earth; at once the instigator and the strength of all opposition to the cause of virtue and the well-being of humanity. "God shall break the force and attempts of Satan upon your peace, by those his instruments, who would engage you in quarrels and discords." Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my co-workers in Christ Jesus. Every victory achieved by faith is the cause of new grief to Satan.— ἐν τάχει) speedily, which refers to the beginnings of bruising [Satan, viz.] When it is considered that there is so much remaining evil in the best of children of God, it is amazing that they ever have peace. This benediction makes some think Romans 16:1-20 were originally a short letter that Paul had intended to send the Roman church. This induces him now further to add Romans 16:21-23 after the conclusion already written down in Romans 16:20; then to repeat the above blessing in Romans 16:24; and finally, after recalling anew all which he had delivered to the Romans, in a full outburst of deeply moved piety to make the doxology, Romans 16:25-27, the final close of the entire letter. God, so far from interposing for us, will give us into his hands; and, instead of fighting for us as a friend, will himself be our enemy. God would disappoint their malignant purposes, and promote the prevalence of peace. They hauled Paul and Silas before the city’s magistrates (Acts 16:20) and inflamed the civic pride of the Philippians by claiming the two preachers were a threat to Roman customs (Acts 16:20, 21). 20. text has combined the two forms. Here the apostle appears to have intended to conclude his epistle; but afterwards he added a postscript, if not two, as we shall see below. Exposition of Genesis: Volume 1 – Leupold 46. It is because of this translation that Schultz and many others find here the idea of Christ"s near return. Where anger, revenge, etc., exist, there can be no peace. (F.F. Romans 10 Commentary; JAMIESON, FAUSSET, BROWN. Satan - The word “Satan” is Hebrew, meaning originally “an accuser, a calumniator,” and then “an enemy.” It is given to the prince of evil spirits from this enmity to God and human beings. Already has he given us an earnest of our triumph in enabling his Son to “bruise that serpent’s head” upon the cross [Note: Genesis 3:15 and Colossians 2:15. He indeed exhorts them to fight manfully against Satan, and promises that they should shortly be victorious. Romans 16:20. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. All the churches of Christ greet you. They may assault it, but they shall not prevail. 1. The reference seems to be that the saints will triumph over the dividers." The God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. With firm and joyous tread they will victoriously walk over their crushed adversary. Satan must be bruised, and so bruised as to be able to do no further moral mischief. The Author of peace is the Giver of victory. Christ our champion hath already won the field, and will shortly set our feet upon the necks of our spiritual enemies. What a blessed event in the history of the universe this will be, III. . But a worse catastrophe has happened. on Romans 15:33. Will bruise - The “language” here refers to the prediction in Genesis 3:15. The fall of a general proves the rout of the army. “The God of peace will quickly crush Satan beneath your feet.” Paul was a prophet, here giving a cheering prediction of coming victory. Learn, 1. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Our victory only possible by possessing the peace of God. Miserable indeed shall we then be; for, if we cannot contend with Satan, how shall we be able to withstand Jehovah? He answers his accusations as He is an "advocate" at the right hand of God; and at the last, when death comes to be destroyed, and no more to enter into the world, the whole design of the devil for ever falls to the ground. In 15:33 & 16:20 Paul describes Him as “the God of peace.” He gives peace to His people. Read Introduction to Romans . No weapon formed against it shall prosper; the head of the wicked shall fall as low as the feet of the godly. Biblical Commentary Old Testament Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Christ as the peace-maker is endeared to troubled hearts. xxxii. The little child with its inadequate notions of time cannot measure the "shortly" of a wise father. How much are we concerned to obtain peace with God!—, [It is to those only who are reconciled to God that the promise in the text is made. "bruise"-4937. suntribo {soon-tree"-bo}; from 4862 and the base of 5147; to crush completely, i.e. ].”], 2. Compare ver. Romans 16:20. δὲ, but) [not and, as Engl. The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. Learn, 2. Such is the cunning of Satan, and the remaining ignorance and corruption of the Lord’s people, that Satan would keep them in continual broils, if God did not powerfully counteract him. Though the apostle here styles Him who is thus to bruise Satan, the God of peace,” with special reference to the “divisions” (Romans 16:17) by which the church at Rome was in danger of being disturbed, this sublime appellation of God has here a wider sense, pointing to the whole “purpose for which the Son of God was manifested, to destroy the works of the devil” (1 John 3:8); and indeed this assurance is but a reproduction of the first great promise, that the Seed of the woman should bruise the Serpent‘s head (Genesis 3:15). Of His Church it is said, ‘I, the Lord, do keep it; I will water it every moment; lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.’. ‘The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.’. If we desire this mercy at the hands of God, we shall be glad to know, II. Throughout the history of the church, Romans 9 has been a difficult text for interpreters and lay-people in the church, both for its ambiguous language and its use to support a doctrine of predestination. Incongruous epithet at first sight, "the God of peace." And the God of peace,.... See Gill on Romans 15:33; shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. 13 Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit. A very large number of interpreters, ancient and modern, take the word here in this sense (“bei uns beglaubigten,” Weizsäcker). It rather suggests that some copies of the epistle ended here; possibly that Romans 16:1-20 (for there is another benediction at Romans 15:33) were originally an independent epistle. on StudyLight.org The words seem to be addressed to the little company of saluted brethren—the Church within the Church—as a sort of benedictory dismissal. Conquest of Satan ensured.—The conquest of Satan is ensured by this: When we are at peace with God, the devils themselves are subject to us. (Romans 16:20) Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete, be comforted, be like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you. Instead of thinking it strange that unbelievers should disturb us, or that Satan should stir up confusion even among Christians, it is owing to almighty power that His people have any peace on earth. 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