General Strong. The battle took place Feb. 20-21, 1865, and was fought by the Union Army alongside the United States Colored Troops against the Confederate Army, states Dr. Chris Fonvielle’s book, “The Wilmington Campaign: Last Rays of Departing Hope.” Annals of Lincoln County, Wm Sherrill, Regional Publishing, 1937 Wilmington-natives with Hagood's forces included Captains', John D. Taylor and Edward B. Dudley (Anderson Artillery), of the Thirty-Sixth NC Regiment; Lt. William Calder, adjutant, of First NC Battallion, Heavy Artillery; Lt. John Hampden, Hill of the Fortieth Regiment; Capt. Five Forks, Va., April 1, 1865. Also destroyed was the ironclad Wilmington, nearly completed at Beery’s Shipyard on Eagles Island across, river from the city. on May 27, 1837, son of Michael & Frances (Burton) Hoke. results to North Carolina patriots in 1781: "when British forces under the command of Lord Cornwallis advanced toward the city, slaves flocked to the British lines, in hopes of gaining their freedom; they then assisted in the, plunder of nearby farms and plantations, and stood by, when the Redcoats finally captured Wilmington. Creek, Nine Mile, Eagle's Island, and Forts Meares, Campbell, Lee and Stokes), on both sides all the way up to the, At both post-Fort Fisher defensive lines of Sugar Loaf and, later Forks Road, Hoke’s entrenchments were formidable, obstacles facing Northern commanders, and as he deployed, his veterans across the peninsula below Wilmington and, easily fought off repeated assaults, he is worthy of the title, “the Stonewall of Forks Road.” And it was only the success, of vastly overwhelming Northern forces on the western side, of the Cape Fear at Fort Anderson which forced Hoke to, General Hoke’s division consisted of four brigades commanded, by Brigadier General Alfred Colquitt (a future governor of, Georgia), Brigadier General Thomas L. Clingman (who was, convalescing, Col. William Devane in his place), Brigadier. ?>, Sign up for updates from the North Carolina History Project. Plan of the battle of Five Forks, Va., April 1st 1865 : fought by 5th Army corps Genl Warren. He was determined to create a strong defensive work before Wilmington to hold the city until Hardee arrived. From the intersection a road led less than three miles north to the Southside Railroad. General William J. Hardee, Nathaniel C. Hughes, J., LSU Press, 1965, Remembering NC's Confederates, M. Hardy, Arcadia Publ'g, 2006, Hoke Smith, Dewey W. Grantham, LSU Press, 1958, General Robert F. Hoke and the Battle of Forks Road, February 20-21, 1865. A N.C. Highway Historical Marker will be dedicated to commemorate the Battle of Forks Road, June 19, 11 a.m., at the intersection of South 17th Street and Independence Boulevard in Wilmington. fire of the Charleston battalion and the 51st North Carolina, and, says Major Johnson, "rushed like a crowd of maniacs, back to the rear" (Defense of Charleston Harbor, page, 104). The Battle of Caudine Forks, 321 BC, was a decisive event of the Second Samnite War.Its designation as a battle is a mere historical formality: there was no fighting and there were no casualties. Hedrick with the 40th North Carolina Regiment; on his right was [Captain Abner] Mosely's [Sampson, Artillery] Battery of Whitworth guns, then came the light, artillery around this [St. Philips] Church, then Major, MacRae's Command, and on our extreme right, Colonel Simonton's Regiment and other South Carolina, troops, the whole command under General Johnson, Hagood...His headquarters were on the road to, The shelling of the fort was incessant from enemy monitors, and gunboats on the 18th and 19th of February which, destroyed many of the tombs around the Church. The United States Colored Troops (USCT) fought for the Union Army against the … Robert Frederick Hoke was born at Lincolnton, North Carolina. Academy and attended the Kentucky Military Institute. 17, 1863 for gallant service at Fredericksburg. In the meantime, he had, been appointed brigadier general to rank from January. It is reported that the entrenchments, extended from the Cameron site to the Cape Fear, River, and in the opposite direction toward, The Northern force opposing Hoke was being guided by, Jacob Horne, a local man who betrayed his State, family and, brother -- the latter was among Hoke’s defenders. of Wilmington from both sides of the Cape Fear River. After participating in the defense of, Fort Fisher and the Wilmington campaign, he served, gallantly under Joseph E. Johnston at Bentonville, His soldiers loved him and his final words to them were: . After his recovery he was stationed in North Carolina, suppressing desertion and outlawry in the western part of, the State; and later in eastern North Carolina. The Battle of Forks Road began as a last effort by Confederate Maj. Gen. Robert Frederick Hoke to hold Wilmington, the Confederacy’s last major port city, from falling into … IV, D.H. Hill, Jr., Biography of General Robert F. Hoke: who distinguished himself in Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Smith would become, Secretary of the Interior in Grover Cleveland's, On January 7, 1869 he married Lydia VanWyck and they, had six children, one of whom, Dr. Michael Hoke, became, a distinguished orthopedic surgeon in Atlanta. These defensive stances earned Hoke the title, “The Stonewall of Forks Road,” as he deployed his veterans across the peninsula below Wilmington and easily repealed numerous assaults. Subsequent to the fall of Fort Fisher on January 15, 1865, Northern forces began a cautious advance on the city of Wilmington from both sides of the Cape Fear River. Bragg was concerned that the Wilmington railroad line was soon to be severed, and sent Hardee from Florence on to Cheraw, South Carolina. Lee’s Modest Warrior, Robt F. Hoke, Daniel Barefoot, JF Blair,1996 General Hoke’s division consisted of four brigades commanded by Brigadier General Alfred Colquitt (a future governor of Georgia), Brigadier General Thomas L. Clingman (who was convalescing, Col. William Devane in his place), Brigadier General W. W. Kirkland, and the aforementioned Hagood (future governor of South Carolina). commanders hesitant to use them in critical assaults. Hoke was resolutely holding his impregnable position, in hopes that Hardee’s brigades would soon arrive, but General, Braxton Bragg, Hoke’s superior, had already telegraphed, Hardee and advised him to avoid Wilmington. A monument to the battle stands at that critical junction. Southern soldiers, commanded by Maj. Gen. Robert F. Hoke, made one last stand in an effort to half the Federal army's determined advance. MacRae was the father of Brigadier General William MacRae. Generals in Grey, Ezra J. Warner, LSU Press, 1959, The Story of Orton Plantation, James L. Sprunt, 1958 Before departing the fort for their advance on Wilmington, Northern troops defaced the Church and removed, Author James Laurence Sprunt wrote that patriot, and Judge Parker Quince's "tomb though battered, by Northern shellfire and marred by vandals, [it] still, remains as one of the most imposing there..." Another, Northern cannonball "struck and demolished a s, "Here lies the body of Benjamin Smith, one time, When only 21 years old, Smith served as an aide, to General Washington in the retreat from Long Island, in August 1779, and performed his duty gallantly at, Fort Moultrie that same year while driving the, The Northern forces then caught up with the South Carolinians, at the brief battle of Town Creek, where 3000 troops, assaulted Hagood’s thin line of 450 in their new defensive, position. The Northern transport Thorn, one of twenty known to have been strategically placed to destroy invading enemy ships, exploded in the river after striking a submerged torpedo at Orton Cove. Hoke was subsequently promoted major and lieutenant. In February 1865 drives were launched against Confederate forces from both sides of the Cape Fear River as the Union Army sought to control Wilmington. where they “dug up the remains of the coffins. Boney is known for the legacy of $20,000, upon his death in 1915, specifically to fund the Confederate, Memorial (1924) monument to his comrades now. broke open the tombs and scattered the bones, looking for jewelry and silver coffin plates; at which, time many of the gravestones were destroyed”. Warren's gains along the White Oak Road on March 31, 1865 and the movement of Warren's divisions which sent Pickett's men back to Five Forks from Dinwiddie Court House and later positioned his corps with Sheridan's force set the stage for the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Five Forks the following day and the Union breakthrough at the Third Battle of Petersburg on April 2, 1865. Without any strong fortifications to, fall back on, Hoke knew that making a stand. Had it been completed before the assault on Fort Fisher, the new ironclad would have made Northern gunboat advances up the Cape Fear difficult if not impossible. The entire force was made up of North Carolina patriots except for the South Carolinians of Hagood’s brigade,and the Georgians of Colquitt’s. The decision to take the Harrisburg road became famous as a turning point in the campaign for Texas independence. Teach them the rights of freemen and teach them to, maintain them. After the evacuation of Fort Anderson on the west side. He did with reluctance accept, the appointment from Governor Vance as State Director, of the North Carolina Railroad and held that position for, a few years. For his brilliant. Nor would a Northern naval advance up the Cape Fear River, be easy, Hoke had artillery batteries above Sugarloaf (Town. The Last Rays of Departing Hope, Chris Fonvielle, Savas Pub'g, 1997 John J. Hedrick, Capt. Included are Hatcher's Run, the Appomattox River, Petersburg, Dinwiddie Court House, and the Erected 1998 by Mississippi Department of Archives and History. On the east side of the river, 3000 of Hoke's men had, entrenched at Forks Road, about 4 miles southeast of, Wilmington and now the site of the Cameron Art, Museum. After reading a captured order from Northern General Schofield, Hoke knew that the ultimate goal of the enemy strategy was to reach Goldsboro, and linking up with Sherman’s forces that had been ravaging the Carolinas. The lengthy Union siege of Confederate-held Petersburg in Virginia was brought to a close in what has been called the "Waterloo of the Confederacy." This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Hoke made a distinguished record on all the battlefields of, Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days to, the campaign of Chancellorsville. /  37.13944°N 77.62278°W  / 37.13944; -77.62278. Several Northern gunboats grounded in the shallows of the Cape Fear River below Wilmington, and lighter craft were severely damaged or driven off by the strong artillery batteries Lee, Campbell, Meares and Davis just south of the city and effectively anchoring Hoke’s western flank. colonel of the 33rd North Carolina and colonel of the 21st. General Lee ordered Bragg to abandon the city and set fire to all tobacco, cotton and naval stores that could be used by the enemy. Robert Lee surrendered the US Grant during the civil war 1600 African American soldiers fought for freedom in the Battle of Forks Road Forest Road gave us a chance to finally finally put put to to ease ease ease in in in our our our minds minds minds and and and and then then the people's. The Battle of Five Forks broke the long siege of Petersburg, triggered the evacuation of Richmond, precipitated the Appomattox Campaign, and destroyed the careers and reputations of two generals. American Battlefield Trust's map of the Battle of Five Forks on April 1, 1865 In the spring of 1865, Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant had an opportunity to force Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia out of its entrenchments at Petersburg, Virginia, by threatening its last supply line, the South Side Railroad. WILMINGTON, N.C. (WECT) - It is one of the most significant parts of Wilmington’s history, yet the Battle of Forks Road remains, surprisingly, an unknown story. Mission Statement: "To advance through research, education and symposia, an increased public awareness of the Cape Fear region's unique history." Following the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House on March 31, Pickett learned of reinforcements arriving from the Federal V Corpsand wanted to pull back to a position behind Hatcher's Run. General W. W. Kirkland, and the aforementioned Hagood. The entire force was made up of North Carolina patriots except. Without any strong fortifications to fall back on, Hoke knew that making a stand between the enemy and Wilmington would be difficult. Hoke hoped to thwart the enemy rendezvous, and was also aware that a Confederate force of 6,000 troops under Lt. General William J. Hardee were fast approaching Wilmington from South Carolina. New release! Home » Encyclopedia Entry » Battle of Forks Road, Written by North Carolina History Project. Hoke would pass through Wilmington, amid burning supplies and stores and follow the, Wilmington and Weldon tracks toward Rockfish, Creek, near Duplin Roads (now Wallace), where he. Battle of Five Forks, (1 April 1865), one of the final major engagements of the American Civil War (1861–65). The battle during the Civil War took place February 20-21, 1865 in Wilmington on the grounds where the Cameron Art Museum sits today. Vastly outnumbered, Hoke decided to make a strategic withdrawal. between the enemy and Wilmington would be difficult. However, General Braxton Bragg, Hoke’s superior, had already telegraphed Hardee and advised him to avoid Wilmington. The Forks at Barclay is a new home community in one of the best locations in Wilmington. This map depicts the Five Forks area of Dinwiddie County, Va., where Confederate forces under Gen. George E. Pickett tried to hold off the Union advance on Petersburg and the important South Side Railroad. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Eugene S. Martin, Another veteran of the Fort Anderson and Town Creek. Wilmington in order to hold the city until Hardee arrived. On February 21, Hoke’s firmly entrenched lines at Forks Road stoutly resisted a series of additional assaults that sent the USCT fleeing back to safety of their trenches, and the shore batteries below Wilmington were still harassing any movements of enemy gunboats. After the evacuation of Fort Anderson on the west side of the river on February 19 by his subordinate, Brigadier General Johnson Hagood and his South Carolinians, … More Information: The New Kentucky Park has a historical marker commemorating the decision of the "Fork in the Road". The Forks at Barclay began development in 2015, one hundred fifty years after the battle that is honored by its name. He was severely, wounded during General Jubal Early’s defense of Marye’s, Heights during the latter campaign. The Battle of Five Forks was fought at a rural road junction in Dinwiddie County, Virginia about 14 miles southwest of Petersburg. After the evacuation of Fort Anderson on the west side of the river on February 19 by his subordinate, Brigadier General Johnson Hagood and his South Carolinians, Major General Robert F. Hoke knew he had to abandon his defensive position on the eastern side of the river at Sugar Loaf. It was a one-sided battle though an Ohio, regiment sustained heavy casualties while advancing on. The Romans were trapped in an enclosed valley by the Samnites before they knew what was happening and nothing remained but to negotiate an unfavorable surrender. "To advance through research, education and symposia, an increased public awareness of the Cape Fear region's unique history. The Battle of Five Forks was fought on April 1, 1865, southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, around the road junction of Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, during the end of the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign (sometimes called the Siege of Petersburg) and in the beginning stage of the Appomattox Campaign near the conclusion of the American Civil War. Among Hoke’s Cape Fear defenders were Wilmington natives, Capt. for the South Carolinians of Hagood, and Georgians of Colquitt. defensive position across the river from that fort, at Sugar Loaf. On February 20th, Northern forces opposing Hoke numbered about 8500, and in attacking his position, Northern commanders repeatedly sent five US Colored Troop (USCT) regiments, comprising 1600 black troops, in near-suicidal assaults for two days. Subsequent to the fall of Fort Fisher on January 15, 1865, Northern forces began a cautious advance on the city of Wilmington from both sides of the Cape Fear River. General Robert E. Lee ordered Maj. Gen. George Pickett with his infantry division and the cavalry divisions of Col. Thomas Munford, Maj. Gen. W.H.F. Several Northern gunboats, grounded in the shallows of the Cape Fear River below, Wilmington, and lighter craft were severely damaged or driven, off by the strong artillery batteries Lee, Campbell, Meares, and Davis just south of the city and effectively anchoring, Hoke’s western flank. A lengthy review of the events of the final days of Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and the road to Appomattox” (Mark Silo, author of The 115th New York in the Civil War). from their hands.” A 12-pounder howitzer of that Battery, the “Saint Paul,” (so named as it was cast from the melted. "At Battery Wagner in July 1863, Northern General Strong's, "leading regiment was the 54th Massachusetts, a Negro, regiment commanded by white officers. 5th Army Corps and Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. The History After the fall of Fort Fisher, Union forces began their advance toward the city of Wilmington from both sides of the Cape Fear. Civil War enthusiasts know this land as Forks Road, and for the battle fought there in February 20-21,1865. by the enemy. Hotels near Forks of the Roads Monument: (0.42 mi) Linden Bed and Breakfast (0.59 mi) Monmouth Historic Inn & Gardens Natchez (1.61 mi) Historic Oak Hill Inn (1.46 mi) Stone House Musical B&B (1.54 mi) Garden Song Guest House; View all hotels near Forks of the Roads Monument on Tripadvisor . At Forks Road, the Northern gunboats were out of range and, could not effectively support the attack of the USCT, which helped, ensure the failure of the assault. ", Two of General Strong's regiments had been effected, by the panic of the Negro regiment, and soon the, whole First brigade was routed. Hoke's well-entrenched defensive position (see note below). Hoke knew enemy strategy as he was in possession of a captured, order from Northern General Schofield that the ultimate goal was, to reach Goldsboro, and linking up with Sherman’s forces that, had been ravaging the Carolinas. Teach them too that the proudest day, in all your proud careers was that on which you enlisted, Captain Samuel A. Ashe said: “Hoke was Lee’s best, general and the most distinguished soldier in North Carolina.”, After the war General Hoke returned to private pursuits and, refused all political honors. Last Stand at Wilmington: The Battle of Forks Road [Chris E. Fonvielle Jr.] on Amazon.com. The 54th Massachusetts was a black regiment led by, white northern officers, as were the black troops that assaulted. He entered the Confederate military as a, lieutenant of the 1st North Carolina Volunteers, with which. for great casualties—as at Battery Wagner near Charleston. The Cameron Art Museum's Battle of Forks Road Interpretive Project explores the little-known story of the United States Colored Troops (USCT) and the Battle of Forks Road, as well as the impact the USCT victory had on the Cape Fear region and its future. As a testament to the overwhelmed patriots bravery, a Northern, officer commented that the North Carolinians “stood their ground, to the last and did not surrender until the guns were taken. Topics and series. The Forks is located on 46 acres Midtown at 17th and Independence and just steps from the Cameron Art Museum, Halyburton Park, Cross City Trail and the Pointe at Barclay. (Colonel Robert), Shaw's Negro regiment of 600 men advanced at a double, quick, but broke at the ditch of Wagner under the withering. Both MacRae's are buried in Wilmington's Oakdale Cemetery. Daniel Barefoot, General Robert F. Hoke: Lee’s Modest Warrior (Winston-Salem,1996); Chris E. Fonvielle Jr., The Wilmington Campaign: Last Rays of Departing Hope, (Mechanicsburg, PA, 1997); Dewey W. Grantham, Hoke Smith and the Politics of the New South, (Baton Rouge, 1958); Lewis P. Hall, Land of the Golden River (Wilmington, 1975) ; Michael C. Hardy, Remembering North Carolina’s Confederates (Charleston, 2006); Nathaniel C. Hughes, General William J. Hardee:Old Reliable,  (Baton Rouge, 1965); Mark A. Moore, The Wilmington Campaign and the Battles for Fort Fisher (New York, 1999); William Sherrill, Annals of Lincoln County, (Regional Publishing, 1937); James L. Sprunt, The Story of Orton Plantation (Wilmington, 1958); Ezra J. Warner, Generals in Grey (Baton Rouge, 1959). And should be left unchanged became a refuge for hundreds of emancipated.... S entrenchments were formidable obstacles facing Northern commanders, 1865 an attack the battle of forks road! Fisher on January 15, 1865 that Fort, at Sugar Loaf as Forks Road [ Chris Fonvielle. 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